What do you know about polycystic kidney disease?

Kidney cyst is a genetic disorder that results in the formation of cysts inside the kidneys, some of which have a thin wall that contains a fluid similar to water, and others may be more complex and have a thicker wall and contain a solid substance. It is a common disease with age and does not cause symptoms or damage, and often They are discovered accidentally during tests done for other reasons and may cause the kidneys to enlarge and lose function over time. They are noncancerous and can grow very large.

Kidney cyst symptoms

Usually, simple kidney cysts do not show any symptoms, but with age, they may increase in size and number. However, these cysts do not usually cause symptoms or health problems, but complex ones may lead to:

Pain in the bones of the back.
It prevents the flow of blood or urine through the kidneys easily, which leads to a feeling of pain as a result of urinary retention.
One of these cysts may burst and result in blood in the urine and pain.
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Causes of polycystic kidneys

The causes of simple kidney cysts are not yet known, but there are chances that they are caused by inherited disorders, where the possibility of polycystic kidney disease increases in males, and age is one of the factors of infection.

With age, the probability of developing simple cysts in the kidneys becomes medium, and their size increases with age

How is polycystic kidney disease diagnosed?

Radiology: Ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, or intravenous imaging are used to examine simple kidney cysts.
Tests: Kidney function analysis may reveal the effect of these cysts on kidney function
How to deal with kidney cysts

Simple kidney cysts that do not cause any symptoms may not need treatments. However, the attending physician may request a regular ultrasound examination to monitor these cysts in anticipation of any change in their size or shape.

In the event that any symptoms or pain resulting from the renal cysts appear, or if they impede the flow of blood or urine, the attending physician must intervene to drain the fluids from them.

How to drain renal cysts?

Sclerosis: It is the insertion of a long needle into the cysts after using local anesthesia and sound waves as a guide to drain fluids from the cyst.
Surgery: If the cyst is large, you may need endoscopic surgery, in which the cyst is drained and its outer tissue is removed using an endoscope.

To detect or inquire about everything related to kidney disease, Dr. Mohamed Metwally Sadiq is one of the best consultants in urology, venereology, andrology and infertility, who uses the latest techniques of treatment, surgery and laparoscopic surgery.