Varicocele is a common disease among men, which is an enlargement in the veins surrounding the testicle, due to damage to the valves in the veins that work on blood flow to the heart, which leads to a defect in its function that results in the backflow of blood into the veins, The left testicle is the most susceptible to varicocele in 70% of cases while affection of the right testis is around 50%.

What are the symptoms of varicocele ?
Most men with varicocele might not feel any symptom, but some cases might feel scrotal pain, swelling or affection of semen parameters that might lead to infirtility as varicocele is one of the main causes of delayed fertility. And in some few cases testicular atrophy may occur.

Varicocele diagnostic options:
– Local clinical examination
– Ultrasound doppler examination
– Semen analysis

What are the methods of treatment of varicocele?

A varicocele patient can live with his condition and may not need any treatment, depending on the situation, and he may be able to have children without problems, but if symptoms such as pain persists, or if the varicocele affects his ability to have children, the patient must go to the doctor for treatment, which is carried out in the following ways :

1- Conventional surgery:

During this surgery, the affected veins are cut and ligated preventing the reversal blood flow that is caused by varicocele

The patient can return to his daily life after two days at most from the operation, but the patient must stop any violent activities for two weeks and any surgery followed by some minor pain that lasts for several days.

2- Excision of varicose veins using a surgical microscope:

This method is considered the latest and most successful surgical method in the treatment of varicocele, where a microscope is used during the procedure in order to clearly see the lymphatic vessels surrounding the veins, which are mainly responsible for the occurrence of post-operative swelling and contribute to a large percentage in reducing the rate of varicocele recurrence once again

During this process, the patient is subjected to general or spinal anesthesia and can return to his normal life after 48 hours and return to exercise after ten days.

it is preferable to follow up cases of varicoceles or those related to fertility diseases for men in a specialized center with highly qualified and experienced doctors. Dr. Mohamed Metwally Sadeq Center is one of these centers that uses the latest techniques of treatment, surgery and microscopic surgery.