It is a tumor that arises in the lining of the kidney, and it consists in very small tubes and often results from genetic changes in the composition of kidney cells, causing them to turn into malignant tumors, and most of these tumors have no symptoms, so 90% of kidney tumors are discovered by chance during Conducting examinations due to other symptoms, so it is recommended to follow-up periodically by visiting a urologist.
What are the symptoms of kidney cancer?
blood in the urine;
Pain in the back or side does not relieve.
A palpable lump in the side or abdomen.
Losing weight for no reason.
Increased calcium in the blood.
How is kidney cancer diagnosed?
Blood analysis (CBC).
Kidney function analysis.
Calcium level analysis in the blood.
CT scan .
Magnetic resonance imaging .
Kidney tumors treatment:
The chances of recovery in the early stages of the disease are great, and treatment depends on the extent of the spread. There is more than one type of treatment for kidney cancer, and the appropriate treatment pattern for each patient is determined based on the patient’s health condition and the stage of the tumor.
Surgical removal of the tumor
Lumpectomy: It is the removal of the affected part of the kidney with the tumor and the tissue surrounding it while retaining the healthy part of the kidney to maintain its ability to function effectively. This operation is most appropriate in cases of tumors small in size in addition to patients with kidney function problems or if the tumor has spread to both kidneys and must be removed.
Radical excision of the kidney: It is a complete excision of the kidney and the surrounding tissues to get rid of the cancerous tumor permanently. This operation is the most appropriate in cases of large tumors in size that require the complete radical excision of the kidney.
Kidney tumor removal methods:
Traditional surgery: where the surgeon performs a traditional surgery that relies on an incision in the skin and muscle layers until reaching the kidneys and removing the tumor.
Laparoscopic resection: through small incisions to insert the endoscope and surgical tools, and to remove the removed part of the kidney along with the tumor.
Focused laser-guided therapy: It is used in the early stages when the tumor is less than 2 cm in size, during which ultrasound waves are combined with magnetic resonance or CT scans to determine the location of the tumor with high accuracy and direct the laser through a very fine needle without any surgical opening to the location of the tumor and highlighting The laser on it, which kills the tumor completely without harming the surrounding organs.
Cryoablation: This procedure is done by inserting a special hollow needle through the skin into the tumor and passing cold gas through it to freeze the cancer cells.
Heating therapy: This is done by inserting a probe in the skin into the tumor and passing an electric current through the needle to the cancer cells, to heat them and burn them.
Treatments for advanced and recurrent kidney cancer
A drug treatment that causes changes in cancer cells.
An immunotherapy that stimulates the immune system to fight cancer.
Radiation therapy, which uses X-rays and protons to kill cancer cells.